Množina: Canadian arts
Both French and English tradition contributed to development of art in Canada from the 17th century onward. In the colony of New France, c. 1670, Frčre Luc (Claude François) transplanted the European style of religious painting. After the British conquest 1759, contact with Europe is reflected in the work of François Beaucourt, who studied in France, and in the early 19th century in the portraits of Antoine Plamondon and Théophile Hamel. The British legacy was evident in the 18th century style of portraiture of Robert Field in Nova Scotia, and also in landscape, in which Thomas Davies was a pioneer. The Canadian scene was romantically presented by Paul Kane (1810–1871), Cornelius Krieghoff (1815–1872), and Robert Whale (1805–1887). About 1870 the romantic picturesque gave way to greater realism, as in the landscapes of John A Fraser and others and the genre paintings of Robert Harris (1849–1919), who painted the first Canadian mural 1881 The Fathers of the Confederation. A poetic style of landscape was practi
ced in the 1890s by Horatio Walker (1858–1938), Homer Watson (1885–1936) and William Brymner (1855–1925). The influence of French Impressionism seen in Maurice Cullen (1866–1934) and James Wilson Morrice (1865–1924) led eventually to a national movement exemplified by a group of painters in Montreal from 1910, who developed a powerful regional style—Tom Thomson (1877–1917) is notable among them. Recent painting shows, besides the attachment to the Canadian scene, a response to abstract art, leading abstractionists being Paul Émile Borduas, Jean Paul Riopelle and Harold Town.