(1863-1932) German astronomer who developed new photographic methods for observational astronomy. He discovered several new nebulae, both within the Milky Way and outside our Galaxy; more than 200 asteroids; and in 1883 a comet, which now bears his name.
Wolf was born and educated in Heidelberg, where he spent most of his career, becoming professor 1893. He used a small private observatory 1885–96, and then became the director of a new observatory at Königstuhl, near Heidelberg, built at his instigation.
Wolf was the first to use time-lapse photography in astronomy, a technique he used for detecting asteroids. In 1903 he discovered the first of the so-called Trojan satellites (number 588, later named Achilles), whose orbits are in precise synchrony with that of Jupiter's; they form a gravitationally stable configuration between Jupiter and the Sun. This kind of triangular three-bodied system had been analyzed and predicted theoretically by Joseph Lagrange in the 1770s.
Independently of US astronomer Edward Barnard, Wolf discovered that the dark “voids” in the Milky Way are in fact nebulae which are obscured by vast quantities of dust, and he studied their spectral characteristics and distribution.
Wolf also was the first to observe Halley's comet when it approached the Earth in 1909.
(Filipp Jakob) (1860-1903) Austrian composer. His more than 250 lieder (songs) included the Mörike-Lieder/Mörike Songs 1888 and the two-volume Italienisches Liederbuch/Italian Songbook 1891, 1896.
Friedrich August 1759-1824 German philologist
ETYM Old Eng. wolf, wulf, AS. wulf; akin to OS. wulf, Dutch and German wolf, Icel. űlfr, Swed. ulf, Dan. ulv, Goth. wulfs, Lith. vilkas, Russ. volk, Latin lupus, Greek lykos. Related to Lupine, Lyceum.
(Irregular plural: wolves).
1. A man who is aggressive in making amorous advances to women; SYN. woman chaser, skirt chaser, masher.
2. Any of various predatory carnivorous canine mammals of North America and Eurasia that usually hunt in packs.
Any of two species of large wild dogs of the genus Canis. The gray or timber wolf C. lupus, of North America and Eurasia, is highly social, measures up to 90 cm/3 ft at the shoulder, and weighs up to 45 kg/100 lb. It has been greatly reduced in numbers except for isolated wilderness regions. The red wolf C. rufus, generally more slender and smaller (average weight about 15 kg/35 lb) and tawnier in color, may not be a separate species, but a gray wolf–coyote hybrid. It used to be restricted to S central US, but is now thought to be extinct in the wild.
A US federal program to reintroduce the North American gray wolf to Yellowstone Park, Wyoming, and Idaho state was launched 1995. The gray wolf had been largely exterminated from the SW US in the 1930s, and is listed as endangered in every state except Alaska and Minnesota.
Wolves are increasing in parts of Europe, including a thriving population of 3,000 in the Carpathian Mountains, mostly in Romania, and 2,000 in northern Spain.
To gulp down; SYN. wolf down.