(1894-1964) US mathematician. Born in Columbia, Missouri, Wiener was a child prodigy, attending Tufts University at an early age and receiving his PhD from Harvard at age 19. Joining the mathematics faculty at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1919, he became one of the pioneers in the development of computer logic. During World War II, Wiener helped to perfect sophisticated weapons guidance systems. Best known for his book Cybernetics 1948, he laid the theoretical groundwork for information feedback systems. Two volumes of memoirs were published as Ex-Prodigy 1953 and I Am a Mathematician 1956.