ETYM Greek, shield-shaped; thyreos a large, oblong shield, from thyra a door + eidos form: cf. French thyroďde, thyréoďde.
Endocrine gland of vertebrates, situated in the neck in front of the trachea. It secretes several hormones, principally thyroxine, an iodine-containing hormone that stimulates growth, metabolism, and other functions of the body. The thyroid gland may be thought of as the regulator gland of the body’s metabolic rate. If it is overactive, as in hyperthyroidism, the sufferer feels hot and sweaty, has an increased heart rate, diarrhea, and weight loss. Conversely, an underactive thyroid leads to myxedema, a condition characterized by sensitivity to the cold, constipation, and weight gain. In infants, an underactive thyroid leads to cretinism, a form of mental retardation.
1. Of or relating to the thyroid gland; SYN. thyroidal.
2. Suggestive of a thyroid disorder.
(denoting or pertaining to)
Large ductless gland of the neck, the hormone of which influences growth, etc.