(1937-) German theater director. He was artistic director of the politically radical Berlin Schaubühne 1970–85. Stein’s early productions included Edward Bond’s Saved 1967 and Goethe’s Torquato Tasso 1969. These foreshadowed the spectacular staging of Ibsen’s Peer Gynt 1971, and his exploratory show Shakespeare’s Memory 1976. His final productions for the Schaubühne included Genet’s The Blacks 1983 and Chekhov’s Three Sisters 1984.
Stein has directed the plays of the German dramatist Botho Strauss, including The Park 1984, and operas for the Welsh Opera: Verdi’s Otello 1986, and Debussy’s Pelléas et Mélisande 1992.
(1874-1946) US writer. She influenced authors Ernest Hemingway, Sherwood Anderson, and F Scott Fitzgerald with her radical prose style. Drawing on the stream-of-consciousness psychology of William James and on the geometry of Cezanne and the Cubist painters in Paris, she evolved a “continuous present” style made up of constant repetition and variation of simple phrases. Her work includes the self-portrait The Autobiography of Alice B Toklas 1933.
Born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, Stein went to Paris 1903 after medical school at Johns Hopkins University and lived there, writing and collecting art, for the rest of her life. She settled in with her brother, also a patron of the arts, and a companion/secretary, Alice B Toklas (1877–1967), and in her home she held court to a “lost generation” of expatriate US writers and modern artists (Picasso, Matisse, Braque, Gris). She also wrote Three Lives 1910, The Making of Americans 1925, Composition as Explanation 1926, Tender Buttons 1914, Mrs Reynolds 1952, and the operas (with composer Virgil Thomson) Four Saints in Three Acts 1929 and The Mother of Us All 1947. A tour of the US 1934 resulted in Everybody’s Autobiography 1937.
(1862-1943) Hungarian archeologist and explorer who carried out projects for the Indian government in Chinese Turkestan and Tibet 1900–15.
(German) Large earthenware beer-mug.
A large, tall drinking vessel, usually for beer.