parabola | engleski leksikon


/ pəræbələ /


ETYM New Lat., from Greek; -- so called because its axis is parallel to the side of the cone. Related to Parable, Parabole.
A plane curve formed by the intersection of a right circular cone and a plane parallel to an element of the curve.
Curve formed by cutting of cone by plane parallel to its side.
In mathematics, a curve formed by cutting a right circular cone with a plane parallel to the sloping side of the cone. A parabola is one of the family of curves known as conic sections. The graph of y = x2 is a parabola.
It can also be defined as a path traced out by a point that moves in such a way that the distance from a fixed point (focus) is equal to its distance from a fixed straight line (directrix); it thus has an eccentricity of 1.
The trajectories of missiles within the Earth's gravitational field approximate closely to parabolas (ignoring the effect of air resistance). The corresponding solid figure, the paraboloid, is formed by rotating a parabola about its axis. It is a common shape for headlight reflectors, dish-shaped microwave and radar aerials, and radiotelescopes, since a source of radiation placed at the focus of a paraboloidal reflector is propagated as a parallel beam.

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