(1890-1962) English statistician and geneticist. He modernized Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution, thus securing the key biological concept of genetic change by natural selection. Fisher developed several new statistical techniques and, applying his methods to genetics, published The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection 1930.
Fisher was born in London and studied at Cambridge. In 1919 he was appointed head of Rothampstead Experimental Station, where he made a statistical analysis of a backlog of experimental data that had built up over more than 60 years.
At Rothamstead, Fisher also bred poultry, mice, snails, and other creatures, and in his papers on genetics contributed to the contemporary understanding of genetic dominance. As a result, in 1933 he was appointed professor of eugenics at University College, London. He was professor of genetics at Cambridge 1943–57.
In statistics, Fisher evolved the rules for decisionmaking that are now used almost automatically, and many other methods that have since been extended to virtually every academic field in which statistical analysis can be applied.
St (c. 1469-1535) English cleric, created bishop of Rochester 1504. He was an enthusiastic supporter of the revival in the study of Greek, and a friend of the humanists Thomas More and Desiderius Erasmus. In 1535 he was tried on a charge of denying the royal supremacy of Henry VIII and beheaded.
1st Baron Fisher (1841-1920) British admiral, First Sea Lord 1904–10, when he carried out many radical reforms and innovations, including the introduction of the dreadnought battleship.
He served in the Crimean War 1855 and the China War 1859–60. He held various commands before becoming First Sea Lord, and returned to the post 1914, but resigned the following year, disagreeing with Winston Churchill over sending more ships to the Dardanelles, Turkey, in World War I.
(1867-1947) US economist. He developed the quantity theory of money from the quantity equation, which he formulated as MV = PT, M being the quantity of money in circulation (the money supply), V the velocity of circulation of money around the economy, P the average price level, and T the number of transactions (equivalent to output). This equation is sometimes known as the Fisher equation. The quantity theory assumes that V and T are relatively constant, and therefore suggests that an increase in the money supply causes inflation.
Baron Fisher of Lambeth (1887-1972) English priest, archbishop of Canterbury 1945–61. He was the first holder of this office to visit the pope since the 14th century.
(1862-1928) Australian Labor politician. Born in Scotland, he went to Australia 1885, and entered the Australian parliament in 1901.
He was prime minister 1908–09, 1910–13, and 1914–15, and Australian high commissioner to the UK 1916–21.
ETYM AS. fiscere.
Large dark brown North American arboreal carnivorous mammal; SYN. pekan, fisher cat, black cat, Martes pennanti.
1. City in Minnesota (USA); zip code 56723.
2. Town in Arkansas (USA); zip code 72429.
3. Village in Illinois (USA); zip code 61843.
4. Village in Louisiana (USA); zip code 71426.