ETYM New Lat., from Greek; akin to kara head.
The part of the skull that encloses the brain; SYN. braincase, brainpan.
Skull, especially part enclosing brain.
The dome-shaped area of the vertebrate skull that protects the brain. It consists of eight bony plates fused together by sutures (immovable joints). Fossil remains of the human cranium have aided the development of theories concerning human evolution.
The cranium has been studied as a possible indicator of intelligence or even of personality. The Victorian argument that a large cranium implies a large brain, which in turn implies a more profound intelligence, has been rejected.