ETYM Latin absorptio, from absorbere. Related to Absorb.
1. The social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
2. The process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
3. Complete attention; intense mental effort
4. The mental state of being preoccupied by something
Sinonimi: soaking up
A process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid; SYN. soaking up.
The taking up of one substance by another, such as a liquid by a solid (ink by blotting paper) or a gas by a liquid (ammonia by water).
The process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium.
The physical process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission.
The penetration of atoms, ions, or molecules into the bulk mass of a substance.
In physics, absorption is the phenomenon by which a substance retains radiation of particular wavelengths; for example, a piece of blue glass absorbs all visible light except the wavelengths in the blue part of the spectrum; it also refers to the partial loss of energy resulting from light and other electromagnetic waves passing through a medium. In nuclear physics, absorption is the capture by elements, such as boron, of neutrons produced by fission in a reactor.