“Sergeant” (1887-1964) US war hero. Although a conscientious objector, York was drafted as a private in the 82nd Infantry Division in World War I and promoted to the rank of sergeant. At the Battle of the Argonne Forest 8 Oct 1918, York led a charge against a German position in which he and his comrades captured 132 prisoners and 35 machine guns. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor and the French Croix de Guerre. A film biography, Sergeant York, appeared 1940.
English dynasty founded by Richard, Duke of York (1411–60). He claimed the throne through his descent from Lionel, Duke of Clarence (1338–1368), third son of Edward III, whereas the reigning monarch, Henry VI of the rival house of Lancaster, was descended from the fourth son. The argument was fought out in the Wars of the Roses. York was killed at the Battle of Wakefield 1460, but next year his son became King Edward IV, in turn succeeded by his son Edward V and then by his brother Richard III, with whose death at Bosworth the line ended. The Lancastrian victor in that battle was crowned Henry VII and consolidated his claim by marrying Edward IV's eldest daughter, Elizabeth.
(US) City in S Pennsylvania, US, SE of Harrisburg; It is an agricultural processing center for the area and manufactures paper products, building materials, and heavy machinery. The Articles of Confederation were adopted here during the Continental Congress 1777–78.(UK) Cathedral and industrial city (railroad rolling stock, scientific instruments, sugar, chocolate, and glass) in North Yorkshire, N England.
The Gothic York Minster, containing medieval stained glass. Much of the 14th-century city wall survives. Jorvik Viking Centre, opened 1984 after excavation of a site at Coppergate, contains wooden remains of Viking houses. The National Railway Museum and the 19th-century railroad station; and the university 1963.
1. City in Alabama (USA); zip code 36925.
2. City in Nebraska (USA); zip code 68467.
3. City in North Dakota (USA).
4. City in Pennsylvania (USA).
5. City in South Carolina (USA); zip code 29745.
6. The English royal house (a branch of the Plantagenet line) that reigned from 1461 to 1485; its emblem was a white rose; Also called: House of York.