Or Shivaji (1627-1680) Founder of the Maratha state in W India, which lasted until 1818. He came from a Maratha noble family, and gained a reputation as a skilled warrior and defender of Hindu interests in successful confrontations with the Muslim rulers of Bijapur and the emperor Aurangzeb. He was crowned rajah (king) 1674 and remains a Hindu hero.
Sivaji was a superb organizer, setting up an equitable land system which helped to finance his military exploits. He was an innovative fighter, using guerrilla tactics of speed and surprise.