(1913-) French philosopher. Under the influence of existentialism and Sigmund Freud, he reflected at length on the nature of language and interpretation, subjectivity and the will. His works include Le Volontaire et l’involontaire/Freedom and Nature: the Voluntary and the Involuntary 1950, L’Homme faillible/Fallible Man 1960, and La Symbolique du mal/The Symbolism of Evil 1960.
Ricoeur was born in Valence. He taught at the Sorbonne and elsewhere.