State of nw India
Area 342,200 sq km/132,089 sq mi
Features includes the larger part of the Thar Desert, where India’s first nuclear test was carried out; in the sw is the Ranthambhor wildlife reserve, formerly the private hunting ground of the maharajahs of Jaipur, and rich in tiger, deer, antelope, wild boar, crocodile, and sloth bear
Industries oilseed, cotton, sugar, asbestos, copper, textiles, cement, glass
Population (1991) 43,880,600
Language Rajasthani, Hindi
Religion 90% Hindu, 3% Muslim
History formed 1948; enlarged 1956.