Of, pertaining to, or designating, a variety of the revived classic style of architecture, founded on the works of Andrea Palladio, an Italian architect of the 16th century.
Relating to wisdom or learning
Pertaining to or like classical architural style of Andrea Palladio, 16th-century Italian architect; pertaining to Pallas Athena, Greek goddess of wisdom; wise; learned.
Style of architecture influenced by the work of the great Italian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio. An early exponent was Inigo Jones, who introduced Palladianism to England in the 1600s. The true Palladian revival, however, did not begin until the early 18th century when Richard Boyle Burlington and Colen Campbell “rediscovered” the Palladio–Jones link. Campbell’s Mereworth Castle in Kent, 1722–25, is an example of the style. The revival, which spread to Russia and the us, often involved little more than the reuse of Palladian decorative features.
In Russia the Scottish-born Charles Cameron was the principal exponent of Palladianism, while in the us the style was adopted by Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, who designed his own house, Monticello, 1769, and the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1817–26.