(1923-) Hungarian socialist leader. A member of the politburo from 1966 and the architect of Hungary's liberalizing economic reforms in 1968, he was ousted from power by hard-liners 1974. In 1988 he was brought back into the politburo, and was head of the newly formed Hungarian Socialist Party 1989–90.
In 1940 Nyers joined the Hungarian Social Democratic Party, which in 1948 was forcibly merged with the communists. He became secretary of the ruling Hungarian Socialist Worker's Party's central committee 1962. He was removed from his HSWP posts in 1974 and his career remained at a standstill until a new reform initiative got under way 1988.