The capital and largest city of Cyprus; Also called: capital of Cyprus.
(Greek Lefkosia, Turkish Lefkosha) Capital of Cyprus, with leather, textile, and pottery industries; est) 166,500. Nicosia was the residence of Lusignan kings of Cyprus 1192–1475. The Venetians, who took Cyprus 1489, surrounded Nicosia with a high wall, which still exists; the city fell to the Turks 1571. It was again partly taken by the Turks in the invasion 1974.
In 1995 the Greek Cypriot national assembly voted unanimously to change the divided city's name to Lefkosia. Turkish Cypriots already referred to their half of the city as Lefkosha.