(Gary) (1944-) US pop singer, songwriter, and pianist. His mordantly satirical songs have earned him a cult following and occasionally, as with the single ‘Short People’ from the album Little Criminals 1977, mass appeal. Born in Louisiana, he devoted an album (Good Old Boys 1974) to controversial governor Huey Long. Later albums include Land of Dreams 1988.
The nephew of the film composer Alfred Newman, he has written the soundtracks to several films, including The Three Amigos 1986.
(1925-) US actor and director. He was one of Hollywood’s leading male stars of the 1960s and 1970s, initially often as an alienated figure, and later in character roles of many kinds. His films include Somebody Up There Likes Me 1956, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof 1958, The Hustler 1961, Sweet Bird of Youth 1962, Hud 1963, Cool Hand Luke 1967, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 1969, The Sting 1973, The Verdict 1983, The Color of Money 1986 (for which he won an Academy Award), Mr and Mrs Bridge 1991, and The Hudsucker Proxy 1994.
He directed his wife Joanne Woodward in Rachel, Rachel 1968 and other films and is noted as a race-car driver and for his philanthropic activities.
(1801-1890) English Roman Catholic theologian. While still an Anglican, he wrote a series of Tracts for the Times, which gave their name to the Tractarian Movement (subsequently called the Oxford Movement) for the revival of Catholicism. He became a Catholic 1845 and was made a cardinal 1879. In 1864 his autobiography, Apologia pro vita sua, was published.
Newman, born in London, was ordained in the Church of England in 1824, and in 1827 became vicar of St Mary’s, Oxford. There he was influenced by the historian R H Froude and the Anglican priest Keble, and in 1833 published the first of the Tracts for the Times. His poem The Dream of Gerontius appeared in 1866, and The Grammar of Assent, and analysis of the nature of belief, in 1870.
(1905-1970) US painter, sculptor, and theorist. His paintings are solid-colored canvases with a few sparse vertical stripes. They represent a mystical pursuit of simple or elemental art. His sculptures, such as Broken Obelisk 1963–67, consist of geometric shapes, each mounted on top of the other.
Born in New York City, he was involved in the development of colorfield painting.
(1901-1970) US film composer. From the 1930s to the late 1960s, Newman worked prolifically on virtually every genre of film, spending some 20 years in mid-career at the 20th Century-Fox studio. His many Academy Awards include those for Song of Bernadette 1943 and Love Is a Many Splendored Thing 1955.
Newman’s plangent theme from Street Scene 1931 became a leitmotif in several Fox crime movies of the 1940s, notably Kiss of Death 1947. His ‘Ann Rutledge theme’ from Young Mr Lincoln 1939 was reused by director John Ford for his The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance 1962.
1. City in California (USA); zip code 95360.
2. City in Illinois (USA); zip code 61942.