(1932-) German-born US astronomer whose work has been crucial in establishing infrared astronomy. He has been closely involved with the space agency NASA's interplanetary missions and the design of new infrared telescopes.
Neugebauer was born in Göttingen and studied at Cornell University and at the California Institute of Technology, where he spent his academic career from 1962. He became professor 1970 and director of the Palomar Observatory 1981. His involvement with NASA began 1969 and included work on the infrared radiometers carried aboard the Mariner missions to Mars. In 1976 he became the US principal scientist on the Infrared Astronomical Satellite.
During the mid-1960s Neugebauer and his colleagues began to establish the first infrared map of the sky. Some 20,000 new infrared sources were detected and most of these did not coincide with known optical sources. Among the brightest and strangest of these sources is in the Orion nebula, and is known as the Becklin–Neugebauer object after its discoverers. Carbon monoxide is blowing outward from it at a high velocity. The object is thought to be a very young star.