(1956-) US football player who has appeared in four winning Super Bowls as quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers 1982, 1985, 1989, and 1990, winning the Most Valuable Player award in 1982, 1985, and 1990. He threw a record five touchdown passes in the 1990 Super Bowl. He joined the Kansas City Chiefs 1993.
He graduated from Notre Dame University, where he led his team to the national college championship 1978. He was the leading passer in the National Football Conference 1981, 1984, and 1985. He recovered from a serious back injury in 1986 to become the leading passer in the National Football League 1987, setting league records for touchdowns thrown (31) and consecutive completions (22). In the 1989 Super Bowl, he set a record for passing yardage and the most passes without an interception (33).
(1949-) French fashion designer who promoted the broad-shouldered look. He established his own business 1976 and launched his first collection 1977.
He began as a jewelry designer in London, returning to Paris 1971, and becoming an assistant designer in a leather manufacturing company 1973. His first collections shook the ready-to-wear market, showing wide-shouldered outfits, in black, red, and gray leather, which narrowed sharply at the waist, with slim-fitting skirts or trousers or helmets and chains. In 1984 he moved away from the “powerful” look to design garments in soft, rounded shapes and silk pyjamas which were topped by long satin and velvet robes in bright colors such as coral, absinthe green, lavender, aqua, and rose.
A state in northwestern United States on the Canadian border; Also called: Treasure State.
State in western us, on the Canadian border; nicknamed Treasure State
Area 318,100 sq km/147,143 sq mi
Towns and cities Billings, Great Falls, Butte
Physical mountainous forests in the W, rolling grasslands in the E
Features Missouri, Yellowstone, and Little Bighorn rivers; Glacier national park, on the Continental Divide; part of Yellowstone national park; Missouri Headwaters state park; National Bison Range; Flathead Lake, the largest freshwater lake W of the Mississippi; Madison Buffalo Jump state park, with a preserved cliff where the Plains Indians stampeded bison to their deaths; Bannack, a frontier boom town, now a “ghost town”; Little Bighorn Battlefield national monument, the site of General Custer’s last stand, 1876; Big Hole national battlefield, the site of the battle between the us cavalry and the Nez Percé, 1877; Moss Mansion, Billings (1903); the Museum of the Plains Indians, Browning; gold rush mansions in Helena; C M Russell Museum, Great Falls, with works by the cowboy artist Charles Marion Russell; Our Lady of the Rockies, a 27-m/90-ft illuminated statue of the Virgin Mary on the Continental Divide, above Butte; hunting and ski resorts
Products wheat (under irrigation), cattle, coal, copper, oil, natural gas, lumber, wood products
Population (1990) 799,100
Famous people Gary Cooper, Myrna Loy
History explored for France by Verendrye early 1740s; passed to the us 1803 in the Louisiana Purchase; first settled 1809; W Montana obtained from Britain in the Oregon Treaty 1846; influx of gold-seeking immigrants mid-19th century; fierce Indian wars 1867–77, which included “Custer’s Last Stand” at the Little Bighorn with the Sioux; achieved statehood 1889.
Energy production, in the form of oil, natural gas, and strip-mined coal, has replaced precious metals and copper in mineral exploitation. The plains area still produces grain crops, sheep, and cattle.