(1898-1967) Belgian Surrealist painter. His work focuses on visual paradoxes and everyday objects taken out of context. Recurring motifs include bowler hats, apples, and windows, for example Golconda 1953 (private collection), in which men in bowler hats are falling from the sky to a street below.
Magritte joined the other Surrealists in Paris 1927, returning to Brussels 1930. His most influential works are those that question the relationship between image and reality, as in The Treason of Images 1928–29 (Los Angeles County Museum of Art), in which a picture of a smoker’s pipe appears with the words “Ceci n’est pas une pipe” (This is not a pipe).