4th President of the United States; member of the Constitutional Congress and recorder at the Constitutional Convention in 1776; helped frame the Bill of Rights (1751-1836).
(1751-1836) 4th president of the US 1809–17. In 1787 he became a member of the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention and took a leading part in drawing up the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights. He allied himself firmly with Thomas Jefferson against Alexander Hamilton in the struggle between the more democratic views of Jefferson and the aristocratic, upper-class sentiments of Hamilton. As secretary of state in Jefferson's government 1801–09, Madison completed the Louisiana Purchase negotiated by James Monroe. During his period of office the War of 1812 with Britain took place.
Born in Port Conway, Virginia, Madison graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton) 1771. During his presidential administration, the nation was unprepared for the War of 1812, and there were threats of secession by New England states. Madison had long been an articulate champion of the federal structure of government, and as president, as he had done as a member of the Constitutional Convention, he regarded promotion of the Union as his paramount task. Although the War of 1812 ended in stalemate, Madison's fortunes rose with the national expansion that followed.
1. Borough in New Jersey (USA); zip code 07940.
2. Borough in Pennsylvania (USA); zip code 15663.
3. Capital of the state of Wisconsin; located in the southern part of state; site of the main branch of the University of Wisconsin; Also called: capital of Wisconsin.
4. City in Alabama (USA).
5. City in Arkansas (USA).
6. City in Florida (USA); zip code 32340.
7. City in Georgia (USA); zip code 30650.
8. City in Illinois (USA); zip code 62060.
9. City in Indiana (USA); zip code 47250.
10. City in Kansas (USA); zip code 66860.
11. City in Minnesota (USA); zip code 56256.
12. City in Mississippi (USA); zip code 39110.
13. City in Missouri (USA); zip code 65263.
14. City in Nebraska (USA); zip code 68748.
15. City in South Dakota (USA); zip code 57042.
16. City in West Virginia (USA); zip code 25130.
17. City in Wisconsin (USA).
18. Town in North Carolina (USA); zip code 27025.
19. Town in Virginia (USA).
20. Unincorporated community in Maine (USA).
21. Village in New York (USA); zip code 13402.
22. Village in Ohio (USA); zip code 44057.
Capital of Wisconsin, US, 193 km/120 mi NW of Chicago, between lakes Mendota and Monona; Industries include agricultural machinery and medical equipment.
The main campus of the University of Wisconsin and the US Forest Products Laboratory are here. The city was founded 1836 as the territorial capital and named for James Madison, fourth president of the US.