Kendrew | engleski leksikon

Kendrew

muški rodlično ime

Definicija:

(1917-) English biochemist who determined the structure of the muscle protein myoglobin. For this work Kendrew shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with his colleague Max Perutz.
Kendrew was born in Oxford and studied at Cambridge, where he spent most of his academic career. In 1975 he became director of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory at Heidelberg, Germany.
In 1946 at Cambridge Kendrew began working with Perutz. Their research centered on the fine structure of various protein molecules; Kendrew was assigned the task of studying myoglobin, a globular protein which occurs in muscle fibers (where it stores oxygen). He used X-ray diffraction techniques to elucidate the amino acid sequence in the peptide chains that form the myoglobin molecule. Early computers were programmed to analyze the X-ray photographs. By 1960, Kendrew had determined the spatial arrangement of all 1,200 atoms in the molecule, showing it to be a folded helical chain of amino acids with an amino (–NH2) group at one end and a carboxylic (–COOH) group at the other. It involves an iron-containing heme group, which allows the molecule to absorb oxygen.

Sinonimi:

Kendrew · Sir John Cowdery Kendrew

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Reč dana

rennin

imenica, hemija

vezikulacija

ženski rod, medicina

Gebet

imenica, gramatika

félidé

muški rod, životinja

07.12.2022.