(Calvin) (1886-1972) US biochemist. In 1914 he isolated the hormone thyroxine, the active compound of the thyroid gland. He went on to work on secretions from the adrenal gland, among which he discovered the steroid cortisone. For this Kendall shared the 1950 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Philip Hench and Tadeus Reichstein.
Kendall was born in Connecticut and studied at Columbia University, New York. From 1914 he worked at the Mayo Foundation, Minnesota, US, becoming professor there 1921.
Hench was a physician interested in arthritis who was familiar with the experience that in some situations, such as during pregnancy, patients with arthritis improved. He and Kendall discussed whether cortisone, which Kendall's work had shown to have important metabolic effects, was involved in these temporary improvements. They discovered by giving a severely incapicitated patient cortisone that it was an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis.
1. Unincorporated community in Florida (USA).
2. Village in Wisconsin (USA); zip code 54638.
Edward Calvin Kendall · Edward Kendall · Kendall