W(illiam) E(arl) “Captain” (1893-1968)
English author. From 1932 he wrote popular novels about World War I flying ace “Biggles”, now sometimes criticized for chauvinism, racism, and sexism. Johns was a flying officer in the RAF (there is no rank of captain) until his retirement 1930
(1930-) US painter, sculptor, and printmaker. He was one of the foremost exponents of Pop art. He rejected abstract art, favoring such mundane subjects as flags, maps, and numbers as a means of exploring the relationship between image and reality. His work employs pigments mixed with wax (encaustic) to create a rich surface with unexpected delicacies of color
He has also created collages and lithographs. One of his best-known works is the bronze Ale Cans 1960 (Kunstmuseum, Basel)
Born in Augusta, Georgia, he moved to New York City in 1952. In the 1960s his works became more abstract before veering toward Abstract Expressionism in the mid-1970s. He was also influenced by Marcel Duchamp.