Pen name of Alexei Peshkov (1868-1936)
Russian writer. Born in Nizhni-Novgorod (named Gorky 1932–90 in his honor), he was exiled 1906–13 for his revolutionary principles. His works, which include the play The Lower Depths 1902 and the memoir My Childhood 1913–14, combine realism with optimistic faith in the potential of the industrial proletariat.
(1904-1948) Armenian-born US painter. He painted in several Modernist styles before developing a semiabstract surreal style, using organic shapes and vigorous brushwork. His works, such as The Liver Is the Cock’s Comb 1944 (Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo), are noted for their sense of fantasy.
Among Gorky's major influences were Picasso, Kandinsky, Miró, and Cézanne, and he in turn influenced the emerging Abstract Expressionists. He lived in the US from 1920.
(Russian Gor’kiy) Name 1932–90 of Nizhni-Novgorod, a city in central Russia.