(1929-) Northern Irish dramatist. His work often deals with the social and historical pressures that contribute to the Irish political situation. His first success was with Philadelphia, Here I Come! 1964, which dealt with the theme of exile. Later plays include the critically acclaimed Dancing at Lughnasa 1990.
In 1980 he founded the Field Day Theatre Company, which produced Translations 1981, a study of British cultural colonialism in 19th-century Ireland. Other plays include The Freedom of the City 1973, about victims of the Ulster conflict, Faith Healer 1980, and Making History 1988.