Erasmus | engleski leksikon


muški rodlično ime
/ ɪræzməs /


(c. 1466-1536) Dutch scholar and leading humanist of the Renaissance era, who taught and studied all over Europe and was a prolific writer. His pioneer translation of the Greek New Testament (with parallel Latin text) 1516 exposed the Vulgate as a second-hand document. Although opposed to dogmatism and abuse of church power, he remained impartial during Martin Luther's conflict with the pope.
Erasmus was born in Rotterdam, and as a youth he was a monk in an Augustinian monastery near Gouda. After becoming a priest, he went to study in Paris 1495. He paid the first of a number of visits to England 1499, where he met the physician Thomas Linacre, the politician Thomas More, and the Bible interpreter John Colet, and for a time was professor of divinity and Greek at Cambridge University. He also edited the writings of St Jerome and the early Christian authorities, and published Encomium Moriae/The Praise of Folly 1511 (a satire on church and society that quickly became an international bestseller) and Colloquia (dialogues on contemporary subjects) 1519. In 1521 he went to Basel, Switzerland, where he edited the writings of the early Christian leaders.
Dutch Renaissance scholar and Roman Catholic theologian who attacked the theology of Martin Luther (1466-1536); Also called: Gerhard Gerhards, Geert Geerts.


Desiderius Erasmus · Erasmus · Geert Geerts · Gerhard Gerhards

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