(1908-1989) US actress. She entered films 1930, and established a reputation as a forceful dramatic actress with Of Human Bondage 1934. Later films included Dangerous 1935 and Jezebel 1938, both winning her Academy Awards; All About Eve 1950; and Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? 1962. She continued to make films throughout the 1980s such as The Whales of August 1987, in which she co-starred with Lillian Gish.
Her screen trademarks were a clipped, precise diction and a flamboyant use of cigarettes. Her appeal to female audiences came from her portrayal of willful, fiercely independent women who survived despite the adversities thrown at them.
(1944-) US left-wing activist for black rights, prominent in the student movement of the 1960s. In 1970 she went into hiding after being accused of supplying guns used in the murder of a judge who had been seized as a hostage in an attempt to secure the release of three black convicts. She was captured, tried, and acquitted. At the University of California she studied under Herbert Marcuse, and was assistant professor of philosophy at UCLA 1969–70. In 1980 she was the Communist vice-presidential candidate.
(1850-1934) US physical geographer who analyzed landforms. In the 1890s he developed the organizing concept of a regular cycle of erosion, a theory that dominated geomorphology and physical geography for half a century.
Davis was born in Philadelphia and studied science at Harvard, where he taught 1877–1912.
Davis proposed a standard stage-by-stage life cycle for a river valley, marked by youth (steep-sided V-shaped valleys), maturity (flood-plain floors), and old age, as the river valley was imperceptibly worn down into the rolling landscape which he termed a “peneplain”. On occasion these developments, which Davis believed followed from the principles of Scottish geologist Charles Lyell, could be punctuated by upthrust, which would rejuvenate the river and initiate new cycles.
(1894-1964) US abstract painter. Much of his work shows the influence of both jazz tempos and Cubism in its use of hard-edged geometric shapes in primary colors and collage. In the 1920s he produced paintings of commercial packaging, such as Lucky Strike 1921 (Museum of Modern Art, New York), that foreshadowed Pop art.
His early abstracts reflect the impact of Cubism, and he was deeply influenced by the Armory Show in New York 1913. He often used numbers or letters as the focus for his compositions.
(1957-) English snooker player who has won every major honor in the game since turning professional 1978. He has been world champion six times.
World Professional Champion.
1981, 1983–84, 1987–89.
Rothmans Grand Prix.
World Pairs Championship (with Tony Meo).
World Team Championship.
1981, 1983, 1988–89.
Benson and Hedges Masters.
1980–81, 1984–87, 1993.
Jr (1925-1990) US entertainer. His starring role in the Broadway show Mr Wonderful 1956, his television work, and his roles in films with Frank Sinatra’s “rat pack”—among them, Ocean’s Eleven 1960 and Robin and the Seven Hoods 1964—made him a celebrity. He also appeared in the film version of the opera Porgy and Bess 1959. He published two memoirs, Yes I Can 1965 and Why Me? 1989.
Born in New York City, Davis appeared on stage at the age of four and became a member of the Will Mastin Trio 1932. Recognized as one of the best tap dancers in the country, Davis served as an army entertainer during World War II and became a nightclub headliner in the 1950s.
(Dewey, Jr) (1926-1991) US jazz trumpeter, composer, and bandleader. He was one of the most influential and innovative figures in jazz. He pioneered bebop with Charlie Parker 1945, cool jazz in the 1950s, and jazz-rock fusion from the late 1960s. His albums include Birth of the Cool 1957 (recorded 1949 and 1950), Sketches of Spain 1959, Bitches Brew 1970, and Tutu 1985.
(1956-) Australian stage and film actress. Her films include My Brilliant Career 1979 and Passage to India 1984, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award.
(1550-1605) English navigator and explorer. He sailed in search of the Northwest Passage through the Canadian Arctic to the Pacific Ocean 1585, and in 1587 sailed to Baffin Bay through the straits named for him. He was the first European to see the Falkland Islands 1592.
(1901-1978) British billiards and snooker player. He was world snooker champion a record 15 times 1927–46 and responsible for much of the popularity of the game. His brother Fred (1913– ) was also a billiards and snooker world champion.
(1808-1889) US politician, president of the short-lived Confederate States of America 1861–65. He was a leader of the Southern Democrats in the US Senate from 1857, and a defender of “humane” slavery; in 1860 he issued a declaration in favor of secession from the US. During the Civil War he assumed strong political leadership, but often disagreed with military policy. He was imprisoned for two years after the war, one of the few cases of judicial retribution against Confederate leaders.
Born in Kentucky, he graduated from West Point military academy and served in the US army before becoming a cotton planter in Mississippi. He sat in the US Senate 1847–51, was secretary of war 1853–57, and returned to the Senate 1857. His fiery temper and self-righteousness hindered efforts to achieve broad unity among the Southern states. His call for conscription in the South raised protests that he was a military dictator, violating the very ideals of freedom for which the Confederacy was fighting.
(1927-) English conductor. He was musical director at Sadler's Wells 1961–65, chief conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra 1967–71, musical director of the Royal Opera, Covent Garden, 1971–86, and chief conductor of the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra from 1986. He is particularly associated with the music of Berlioz, Mozart, and Tippett.
1. City in California (USA); zip code 95616.
2. City in Oklahoma (USA); zip code 73030.
3. Town in South Dakota (USA); zip code 57021.
4. Town in West Virginia (USA); zip code 26260.
5. Village in Illinois (USA); zip code 61019.