Crete | engleski leksikon

1. Crete


1. City in Nebraska (USA); zip code 68333.
2. The largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC.
3. Village in Illinois (USA); zip code 60417.
(Greek Kríti) Largest Greek island in the E Mediterranean Sea, 100 km/62 mi SE of mainland Greece.
area 8,378 sq km/3,234 sq mi.
capital Iráklion (Heraklion).
towns and cities Khaniá (Canea), Rethymnon, Aghios Nikolaos.
products citrus fruit, olives, wine.

language Cretan dialect of Greek.
history it has remains of the Minoan civilization 3000–1400 BC (see Knossos), and was successively under Roman, Byzantine, Venetian, and Turkish rule. The island was annexed by Greece 1913.
In 1941 it was captured by German forces from Allied troops who had retreated from the mainland and was retaken by the Allies 1944.

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