An industrial city in central England; devastated by air raids during World War II; remembered as the home of Lady Godiva in the 11th century.
Industrial city in West Midlands, England; Manufacturing includes automobiles, electronic equipment, machine tools, agricultural machinery, man-made fibers, aerospace components, and telecommunications equipment.
Coventry cathedral, consecrated 1962, was designed by Basil Spence and retains the ruins of the old cathedral, which was destroyed in an air raid Nov 1940; St Mary's Hall, built 1394–1414 as a guild center; two gates of the old city walls (1356); Belgrade Theatre (1958); Coventry Art Gallery and Museum; Museum of British Road Transport; and Lanchester Polytechnic.
The city originated when Leofric, Earl of Mercia and husband of Lady Godiva, founded a priory 1043. Industry began with bicycle manufacture 1870. The city was the target of a massive German air raid 14–15 Nov 1940 in which 550 people were killed and over 60,000 buildings destroyed. The poet Philip Larkin was born here.