(1846-1921) German field marshal. In World War I, he commanded the German 2nd Army in the invasion of Belgium, before advancing into France. He was heavily defeated in the Battle of the Marne Sept 1914 and was transferred to a defensive post on the Northern Command. He retired 1916 due to ill health.
(Guido) Frieherr von (1830-1894) German conductor and pianist. He studied with Wagner and Liszt and in 1857 married Cosima, daughter of Liszt. From 1864 he served Ludwig II of Bavaria, conducting first performances of Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde and Die Meistersinger. His wife left him and married Wagner 1870.
Prince von (1849-1929) German diplomat and politician. He was chancellor of the German Empire 1900–09 under Kaiser Wilhelm II and, holding that self-interest was the only rule for any state, adopted attitudes to France and Russia that unintentionally reinforced the trend toward opposing European power groups: the Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia) and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria–Hungary, Italy).
He resigned after losing the confidence of Emperor William II and the Reichstag.