(1802-1828) English painter. He lived in France from 1817. He is noted for his fresh, atmospheric seascapes and landscapes in oil and watercolor, mainly viewed from a high perspective; he also painted historic genre works. He was much admired by Delacroix.
Initially taught watercolor painting by his father, Bonington was taken as a boy to France, where he studied with the watercolorist, Louis Francia, at Calais and in Paris in the studio of Gros. He gained wider notice in the famous Salon of 1824, at which he won a gold medal. He worked mainly in France, where he was a leading spirit in the formation of the French Romantic School, though visiting Venice, of which he painted some views in 1826. Beginning with watercolor, he took readily to oils and also executed some brilliant lithographs. His historico-romantic costume pieces are of less note than the landscapes to which his sparkling touch gives atmospheric life. His short life ended in England, where he had returned in failing health.
(tian) (1934-) British mountaineer. He took part in the first ascent of Annapurna II 1960, Nuptse 1961, and the first British ascent of the north face of the Eiger 1962, climbed the central Tower of Paine in Patagonia 1963, and was the leader of an Everest expedition 1975 and again 1985, reaching the summit.
Publications include the autobiographical I Chose to Climb 1966.