(1863-1951) An Australian social worker, anthropologist, and journalist, born in Ireland. She is noted for her work with Aborigines which began in 1901 with a study of the language, kinship, and rites of the Aborigines of the Broome district of NW Western Australia. In later years she lived in isolated camps, and the newspaper articles she wrote describing the deprivation of the Aborigines prompted government medical assistance.
H(enry) W(alter) (1825-1892) English naturalist and explorer, who spent 11 years collecting animals and plants in South America and identified 8,000 new species of insects. He made a special study of camouflage in animals, and his observation of insect imitation of species that are unpleasant to predators is known as “Batesian mimicry”.
Bates was born in Leicester and left school at 13, but studied natural history in his spare time. In 1844 he met English naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace, and together they traveled to the Amazon region of South America 1848 to study and collect its flora and fauna. Wallace returned to England 1852 but Bates remained until 1859. He returned with a vast number of specimens, including more than 14,000 species of insects.
In 1861 Bates presented a paper entitled “Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley”, in which he outlined his observations of mimicry. He had discovered that several different species of butterflies have almost identical patterns of colors on their wings, and that some are distasteful to bird predators whereas others are not. He suggested that the latter types, influenced by natural selection, mimic the distasteful species and thus increase their chances of survival.
In The Naturalist on the River Amazon 1863, Bates described both his explorations and his scientific findings.
H(erbert) E(rnest) (1906-1974) English author. Of his many novels and short stories, The Jacaranda Tree 1949 and The Darling Buds of May 1958 demonstrate the fineness of his natural observation and compassionate portrayal of character. Fair Stood the Wind for France 1959 was based on his experience as a squadron leader in World War II.
(1934-) English actor. He has proved himself a versatile male lead in over 60 plays and films. His films include Zorba the Greek 1965, Far from the Madding Crowd 1967, Women in Love 1970, The Go-Between 1971, The Shout 1978, and Duet for One 1986.