(1803-1856) French composer of light operas and founder of the Théâtre National, Paris, 1847. His stage works include Le Postillion de Longjumeau/The Postillion of Longjumeau 1836 and Si j’étais roi/If I Were King 1852, but he is best remembered for his ballet score for Giselle 1841. Some 80 of his works were staged.
1. (Old Testament) In Judeo-Christian mythology; the first man and progenitor of the human race.
2. The name given in the Bible to the first man, the progenitor of the human race.
(Biblical) In the Old Testament, the first human. Formed by God from dust and given the breath of life, Adam was placed in the Garden of Eden, where Eve was created from his rib and given to him as a companion. Because she tempted him, he tasted the forbidden fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, for which trespass they were expelled from the Garden.
(architects) Family of Scottish architects and designers. William Adam (1689–1748) was the leading Scottish architect of his day, and his son Robert Adam (1728–1792) is considered one of the greatest British architects of the late 18th century, responsible for transforming the prevailing Palladian fashion in architecture to a Neo-Classical style.
William Adam trained his three sons Robert, John, and James in his Edinburgh office. Robert traveled in Italy and Dalmatia, and went on to be appointed architect to King George in 1762. In his interiors, such as those at Harewood House, Luton Hoo, Syon House, and Osterley Park, he employed delicate stucco decoration with Neo-Classical motifs. He also earned a considerable reputation as a furniture designer.
Robert, John, and James designed and speculatively developed the district of London between Charing Cross and the Thames, which was named the Adelphi after them (Greek for “brothers”). The area was largely rebuilt in 1936.