stitna zlezda prevod, srpsko - engleski rečnik

Prevod reči: stitna zlezda

Smer prevoda: srpski > engleski

štitna žlezda [ ženski rod {anatomija} ]

Tiroidna žlezda, spada u endokrine žlezde, tj. u žlezde sa unturašnjim lučenjem jer svoj proizvod, hormon ubacuje direktno u krv. Nalazi se u prednjem delu vrata, priljubljena uz grkljan i gornji deo dušnika. Svojim oblikom podseća na latinsko slovo H. Sastoji se iz desnog i levog režnja koje spaja suženje žlezde. Normalno, kad nije uvećana, ne može se napipati.
Svojim hormonom ova žlezda deluje na vegetativni živčani sistem, na rast, na metabolizam joda, masti šećera itd.

pituitary body [ imenica {anatomija} ]
Generiši izgovor

pituitary gland [ imenica {anatomija} ]
Generiši izgovor

Major endocrine gland of vertebrates, situated in the center of the brain. It is attached to the hypothalamus by a stalk. The pituitary consists of two lobes. The posterior lobe is an extension of the hypothalamus, and is in effect nervous tissue. It stores two hormones synthesized in the hypothalamus: ADH and oxytocin. The anterior lobe secretes six hormones, some of which control the activities of other glands (thyroid, gonads, and adrenal cortex); others are direct-acting hormones affecting milk secretion and controlling growth.

thyroid gland [ imenica {anatomija} ]
Generiši izgovor

Located near the base of the neck; SYN. thyroid.



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