programski jezik prevod, srpsko - engleski rečnik

Prevod reči: programski jezik

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programski jezik [ muški rod {računari} ]

Način da se razgovara sa računarom, analogno načinima na koje su ljudi evoluirali u međusobnoim razgovorima. Kao i prirodni jezici imaju gramatiku, sintaksu, rečnik, stil i strukturu. Neki programski jezici približuju se (engleskom) govornom jeziku (nazivaju se jezici visokog nivoa), a neki su više nalih hireglofima (nazivaju se jezici niskog nivoa). Neki jezici su pogodniji za određena vertikalna tržišta, kao što je Ada u industriji odbrane, FORTRAN u poslovnoj primeni, ili Ce plus plus za pravljenje aplikacija. Što je jezik nižeg nivoa, to je bliži suštini mašine, pa samim tim i efikasniji, kao što je, recimo, asemblerski jezik. Međutim, kada sa mašinom razgovarate na jeziku niskog nivoa, razgovarate isključivo sa određenom mašinom i vaš rad ne može biti iskorišćen na nekoj drugoj platformi. Jezici viših nivoa, u koje spada sve od Bejzika do Ce plus plusa, bliže aproksimiraju ljudske jezike. (grč.)

computer language [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

An artificial language that specifies instructions to be executed on a computer. The term covers a wide spectrum, from binary-coded machine language to high-level languages. See also assembly language, high-level language, machine code.
A programming language designed for use on a specific class of computers; SYN. computer-oriented language, machine language, machine-oriented language.

programming language [ imenica {računari} ]
Generiši izgovor

(Computer science) A language designed for programming computers; SYN. programing language.
In computing, a special notation in which instructions for controlling a computer are written. Programming languages are designed to be easy for people to write and read, but must be capable of being mechanically translated (by a compiler or an interpreter) into the machine code that the computer can execute. Programming languages may be classified as high-level languages or low-level languages. See also source language.
Any artificial language that can be used to define a sequence of instructions that can ultimately be processed and executed by the computer. Defining what is or is not a programming language can be tricky, but general usage implies that the translation process—from the source code expressed using the programming language to the machine code that the computer needs to work with—be automated by means of another program, such as a compiler. Thus, English and other natural languages are ruled out, although some subsets of English are used and understood by some fourth-generation languages. See also 4GL, compiler (definition 2), natural language, program.

program language [ imenica {računari} ]
Generiši izgovor

Programming language.



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