godisnje doba prevod, srpsko - engleski rečnik

Prevod reči: godisnje doba

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godišnje doba [ imenica ]

Mnogi antički narodi su pratili godišnje kretanje Sunca i po njegovom položaju u podne određivali godišnja doba. Tako su Vavilonci, dva milenijuma pre naše ere, delili zvezdano nebo na tri pojasa: srednji, pojas, širine stepeni oko ekvatora, nazivali su Anu, severno se nalazi Enlil a južno Ea. U vreme letnjih vrućina Sunce je ulazilo u Enlil, a u zimsko doba u Ea. Tako su oni uočili smenu godišnjih doba i njihovu zavisnost od visine Sunca u podne. Oni nisu mogli da danju vide zvezde, ali su znali da izračunaju gde se nalazi Sunce u određenom periodu.

season [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. sesoun, French saison, properly, the sowing time, from Latin satio a sowing, a planting, from serere, satum, to sow, plant; akin to Eng. sow, v., to scatter, as seed.
A period of the year marked by special events or activities in some field; or.
A recurrent time marked by major holidays.
One of the natural periods into which the year is divided by the equinoxes and solstices or atmospheric conditions; SYN. time of year.
Period of the year having a characteristic climate. The change in seasons is mainly due to the change in attitude of the Earth's axis in relation to the Sun, and hence the position of the Sun in the sky at a particular place. In temperate latitudes four seasons are recognized: spring, summer, autumn (fall), and winter. Tropical regions have two seasons—the wet and the dry. Monsoon areas around the Indian Ocean have three seasons: the cold, the hot, and the rainy.
The northern temperate latitudes have summer when the southern temperate latitudes have winter, and vice versa. During winter, the Sun is low in the sky and has less heating effect because of the oblique angle of incidence and because the sunlight has further to travel through the atmosphere. The differences between the seasons are more marked inland than near the coast, where the sea has a moderating effect on temperatures. In polar regions the change between summer and winter is abrupt; spring and autumn are hardly perceivable. In tropical regions, the belt of rain associated with the trade winds moves north and south with the Sun, as do the dry conditions associated with the belts of high pressure near the tropics. The monsoon's three seasons result from the influence of the Indian Ocean on the surrounding land mass of Asia in that area.

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